Mid-Tudor Crisis: Religious Changes Table

Ways to use this table:

  • To make notes;
  • To cut up, and try to match the date to event to what it was and to the reactions.
Tudors Timeline: Religious Changes
Date Religious Change What is changed? Extent towards Protestantism / Catholicism (+ Local reactions)
1547: June Book of Homilies and                     Royal Injunctions English sermons

Mass every Sunday/ daily

Latin -> English = large change, but important in establishing Protestantism
1547: November

 

Dissolution of the Chantries Removed superstitious images

Raised money for the war

Not all Bishops agreed in the removal of chantries and were hesitant with such changes.
1548: December

 

First Book of Common Prayer Greater focus on iconoclasm

Included translated sermons in English

Moderate reformist policy towards Protestantism – Somerset = worried about the gentry’s reactions.
1549: January First Act of Uniformity Clerical marriages were allowed

Transubstantiation

Singing masses for the souls of the dead was not approved

The AoU still had Catholic loopholes – reformers = not happy. Led to Western Rebellion (West County), June 1549.
1550: January New Ordinal Revised the procedure for the ordinary of priests Provided a new religious direction. However, Vestment Controversy with Hooper – surplice issue.
1552: January Second Book of Common Prayer Made it law to go to church on Sundays and holy days – punishment = fine

Basis for church services and had to be used

Featured the “Black Rubric”

Even though it was enforced, it does not mean that everyone agreed with or accepted the views it contained.

 

(London and East Anglia = accepted reforms)

1552: April Second Act of Uniformity Reinforcement of the new Book of Common Prayer Revised, and more radical Protestant legislations
1552: November Forty-Two Articles Doctrinal statement over Protestant reforms Embodied radical reforms but it never became law.
1553: September Arrest of Cranmer, Latimer, Hooper and Ridley Mary removed the reformers to limit opposition. To make her plan of Catholic restoration easier.
1553: September Parliament passes the Act of Repeal Repealed all of Edward VI’s religious changes.

Reinstates clerical celibacy, Mass and ritual worship.

Mary re-established her Catholic beliefs.
1554: March Royal Injunctions Removal of married clergy from office

Restoration of Holy Days

Suppressed heresy

Restoration of Catholicism through the removal of Protestant beliefs.
1554: April Heresy laws passed With the condition that monastic lands are not restored. The concession made over monastic lands limited Mary’s religious restoration.
1554: November Cardinal Pole returns to England and excommunication is lifted He becomes the Archbishop of Canterbury Aids Mary is pursuing her religious restorations.
1554: November Second Act of Repeal Voids all religious legislations since 1529 This allowed Mary to ignore the Henrician Reformation. Meant Catholicism was the “true” religion.
1555: February John Rogers becomes the first Protestant martyr Publicly burned

Translator of the Bible

Turning point in Mary’s religious policies – the Protestant burnings stained her rep.
1555: October Latimer and Ridley burned for heresy Increase in Protestant deaths. Increased the unpopularity surrounding Mary’s religious popularity due to the Protestant persecution.
1556: March Cranmer burned Cranmer recants all retractions and is burnt for heresy With Cranmer (reformist) dead, Mary could pursue more radical Catholic policies.